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Rexha Andi, Kröll Mark, Ziak Hermann, Kern Roman

Pilot study: Ranking of textual snippets based on the writing style

Zenodo, 2017

In this pilot study, we tried to capture humans' behavior when identifying authorship of text snippets. At first, we selected textual snippets from the introduction of scientific articles written by single authors. Later, we presented to the evaluators a source and four target snippets, and then, ask them to rank the target snippets from the most to the least similar from the writing style.The dataset is composed by 66 experiments manually checked for not having any clear hint during the ranking for the evaluators. For each experiment, we have evaluations from three different evaluators.We present each experiment in a single line (in the CSV file), where, at first we present the metadata of the Source-Article (Journal, Title, Authorship, Snippet), and the metadata for the 4 target snippets (Journal, Title, Authorship, Snippet, Written From the same Author, Published in the same Journal) and the ranking given by each evaluator. This task was performed in the open source platform, Crowd Flower. The headers of the CSV are self-explained. In the TXT file, you can find a human-readable version of the experiment. For more information about the extraction of the data, please consider reading our paper: "Extending Scientific Literature Search by Including the Author’s Writing Style" @BIR:

Seifert Christin, Bailer Werner, Orgel Thomas, Gantner Louis, Kern Roman, Ziak Hermann, Petit Albin, Schlötterer Jörg, Zwicklbauer Stefan, Granitzer Michael

Ubiquitous Access to Digital Cultural Heritage

Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH) - Special Issue on Digital Infrastructure for Cultural Heritage, Part 1, Roberto Scopign, ACM, New York, NY, US, 2017

The digitization initiatives in the past decades have led to a tremendous increase in digitized objects in the cultural heritagedomain. Although digitally available, these objects are often not easily accessible for interested users because of the distributedallocation of the content in different repositories and the variety in data structure and standards. When users search for culturalcontent, they first need to identify the specific repository and then need to know how to search within this platform (e.g., usageof specific vocabulary). The goal of the EEXCESS project is to design and implement an infrastructure that enables ubiquitousaccess to digital cultural heritage content. Cultural content should be made available in the channels that users habituallyvisit and be tailored to their current context without the need to manually search multiple portals or content repositories. Torealize this goal, open-source software components and services have been developed that can either be used as an integratedinfrastructure or as modular components suitable to be integrated in other products and services. The EEXCESS modules andcomponents comprise (i) Web-based context detection, (ii) information retrieval-based, federated content aggregation, (iii) meta-data definition and mapping, and (iv) a component responsible for privacy preservation. Various applications have been realizedbased on these components that bring cultural content to the user in content consumption and content creation scenarios. Forexample, content consumption is realized by a browser extension generating automatic search queries from the current pagecontext and the focus paragraph and presenting related results aggregated from different data providers. A Google Docs add-onallows retrieval of relevant content aggregated from multiple data providers while collaboratively writing a document. Theserelevant resources then can be included in the current document either as citation, an image, or a link (with preview) withouthaving to leave disrupt the current writing task for an explicit search in various content providers’ portals.

Rexha Andi, Kern Roman, Ziak Hermann, Dragoni Mauro

A semantic federated search engine for domain-specific document retrieval

SAC '17 Proceedings of the Symposium on Applied Computing, Sung Y. Shin, Dongwan Shin, Maria Lencastre, ACM, Marrakech, Morocco, 2017

Retrieval of domain-specific documents became attractive for theSemantic Web community due to the possibility of integrating classicInformation Retrieval (IR) techniques with semantic knowledge.Unfortunately, the gap between the construction of a full semanticsearch engine and the possibility of exploiting a repository ofontologies covering all possible domains is far from being filled.Recent solutions focused on the aggregation of different domain-specificrepositories managed by third-parties. In this paper, wepresent a semantic federated search engine developed in the contextof the EEXCESS EU project. Through the developed platform,users are able to perform federated queries over repositories in atransparent way, i.e. without knowing how their original queries aretransformed before being actually submitted. The platform implementsa facility for plugging new repositories and for creating, withthe support of general purpose knowledge bases, knowledge graphsdescribing the content of each connected repository. Such knowledgegraphs are then exploited for enriching queries performed byusers.

Ziak Hermann, Kern Roman

Evaluation of Contextualization and Diversification Approaches in Aggregated Search

TIR @ DEXA International Conference on Database and Expert Systems Applications, 2017

The combination of different knowledge bases in thefield of information retrieval is called federated or aggregated search. It has several benefits over single source retrieval but poses some challenges as well. This work focuses on the challenge of result aggregation; especially in a setting where the final result list should include a certain degree of diversity and serendipity. Both concepts have been shown to have an impact on how user perceive an information retrieval system. In particular, we want to assess if common procedures for result list aggregation can be utilized to introduce diversity and serendipity. Furthermore, we study whether a blocking or interleaving for result aggregation yields better results. In a cross vertical aggregated search the so-called verticalscould be news, multimedia content or text. Block ranking is one approach to combine such heterogeneous result. It relies on the idea that these verticals are combined into a single result list as blocks of several adjacent items. An alternative approach for this is interleaving. Here the verticals are blended into one result list on an item by item basis, i.e. adjacent items in the result list may come from different verticals. To generate the diverse and serendipitous results we reliedon a query reformulation technique which we showed to be beneficial to generate diversified results in previous work. To conduct this evaluation we created a dedicated dataset. This dataset served as a basis for three different evaluation settings on a crowd sourcing platform, with over 300 participants. Our results show that query based diversification can be adapted to generate serendipitous results in a similar manner. Further, we discovered that both approaches, interleaving and block ranking, appear to be beneficial to introduce diversity and serendipity. Though it seems that queries either benefit from one approach or the other but not from both.

Rexha Andi, Kröll Mark, Ziak Hermann, Kern Roman

Extending Scientific Literature Search by Including the Author’s Writing Style

Fifth Workshop on Bibliometric-enhanced Information Retrieval, Atanassova, I.; Bertin, M.; Mayr, P., Springer, Aberdeen, UK, 2017

Our work is motivated by the idea to extend the retrieval of related scientific literature to cases, where the relatedness also incorporates the writing style of individual scientific authors. Therefore we conducted a pilot study to answer the question whether humans can identity authorship once the topological clues have been removed. As first result, we found out that this task is challenging, even for humans. We also found some agreement between the annotators. To gain a better understanding how humans tackle such a problem, we conducted an exploratory data analysis. Here, we compared the decisions against a number of topological and stylometric features. The outcome of our work should help to improve automatic authorship identificationalgorithms and to shape potential follow-up studies.
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