Fessl Angela, Pammer-Schindler Viktoria, Blunk Oliver, Prilla Michael
The known universe of reflection guidance: a literature review
International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd., 2016
Reflective learning has been established as a process that deepenslearning in both educational and work-related settings. We present a literaturereview on various approaches and tools (e.g., prompts, journals, visuals)providing guidance for facilitating reflective learning. Research consideredin this review coincides common understanding of reflective learning, hasapplied and evaluated a tool supporting reflection and presents correspondingresults. Literature was analysed with respect to timing of reflection, reflectionparticipants, type of reflection guidance, and results achieved regardingreflection. From this analysis, we were able to derive insights, guidelinesand recommendations for the design of reflection guidance functionality incomputing systems: (i) ensure that learners understand the purpose of reflectivelearning, (ii) combine reflective learning tools with reflective questions either inform of prompts or with peer-to-peer or group discussions, (iii) for work-relatedsettings consider the time with regard to when and how to motivate to reflect.