Publikationen

Hier finden Sie von Know-Center MitarbeiterInnen verfasste wissenschaftliche Publikationen

2012

Pammer-Schindler Viktoria, Kump Barbara, Lindstaedt Stefanie

Tag-based algorithms can predict human ratings of which objects a picture shows

Multimedia Tools and Applications, Springer US, 2012

Journal
Collaborative tagging platforms allow users to describe resources with freely chosen keywords, so called tags. The meaning of a tag as well as the precise relation between a tag and the tagged resource are left open for interpretation to the user. Although human users mostly have a fair chance at interpreting this relation, machines do not. In this paper we study the characteristics of the problem to identify descriptive tags, i.e. tags that relate to visible objects in a picture. We investigate the feasibility of using a tag-based algorithm, i.e. an algorithm that ignores actual picture content, to tackle the problem. Given the theoretical feasibility of a well-performing tag-based algorithm, which we show via an optimal algorithm, we describe the implementation and evaluation of a WordNet-based algorithm as proof-of-concept. These two investigations lead to the conclusion that even relatively simple and fast tag-based algorithms can yet predict human ratings of which objects a picture shows. Finally, we discuss the inherent difficulty both humans and machines have when deciding whether a tag is descriptive or not. Based on a qualitative analysis, we distinguish between definitional disagreement, difference in knowledge, disambiguation and difference in perception as reasons for disagreement between raters.
2012

Devaurs Didier, Rath Andreas S., Lindstaedt Stefanie

Exploiting the User Interaction Context for Automatic Task Detection

Applied Artificial Intelligence, Taylor & Francis Group, 2012

Journal
Detecting the task a user is performing on his/her computer desktop is important in order to provide him/her with contextualized and personalized support. Some recent approaches propose to perform automatic user task detection by means of classifiers using captured user context data. In this paper we improve on that by using an ontology-based user interaction context model that can be automatically populated by (1) capturing simple user interaction events on the computer desktop and (2) applying rule-based and information extraction mechanisms. We present evaluation results from a large user study we have carried out in a knowledge-intensive business environment, showing that our ontology-based approach provides new contextual features yielding good task-detection performance. We also argue that good results can be achieved by training task classifiers “offline” on user context data gathered in laboratory settings. Finally, we isolate a combination of contextual features that present a significantly better discriminative power than classical ones.
2012

What Is Knowledge Visualization? Eight Reflections on an Evolving Discipline

Knowledge Visualization Currents: from Text to Art to Culture , Marchese, F. T., Banissi, E., Springer, 2012

Journal
2012

Strohmaier M., Helic Denis, Benz D., Körner C., Kern Roman

Evaluation of Folksonomy Induction Algorithms

In the ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology, 3(4), 2012, 2012

Journal
2012

Matching Linked Open Data Entities to Local Thesaurus Concepts

CEUR-WS volume 932, 2012

Journal
2012

Visualising the Fragmentation of Knowledge Work

Proceedings of the 7th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Making Sense Through Design, ACM, 2012

Journal
2012

Drachsler Hendrik, Verbert Katrien, Manouselis Nikos, Vuorikari Riina, Wolpers Martin, Lindstaedt Stefanie

Preface [Special issue on dataTEL–Data Supported Research in Technology-Enhanced Learning]

Int. J. Technology Enhanced Learning, 2012

Journal
Technology Enhanced Learning is undergoing a significant shift in paradigm towards more data driven systems that will make educational systems more transparent and predictable. Data science and data-driven tools will change the evaluation of educational practice and didactical interventions for individual learners and educational institutions. We summarise these developments and new challenges in the preface of this Special Issue under the keyword dataTEL that stands for ‘Data-Supported Technology-Enhanced Learning’.
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