Hier finden Sie von Know-Center MitarbeiterInnen verfasste wissenschaftliche Publikationen


Scheir Peter, Prettenhofer Peter, Lindstaedt Stefanie , Ghidini Chiara

An associative and adaptive network model for information retrieval in the Semantic Web

Progressive Concepts for Semantic Web Evolution: Applications and Developments, IGI Global, 2010

While it is agreed that semantic enrichment of resources would lead to better search results, at present the low coverage of resources on the web with semantic information presents a major hurdle in realizing the vision of search on the Semantic Web. To address this problem, this chapter investigates how to improve retrieval performance in settings where resources are sparsely annotated with semantic information. Techniques from soft computing are employed to find relevant material that was not originally annotated with the concepts used in a query. The authors present an associative retrieval model for the Semantic Web and evaluate if and to which extent the use of associative retrieval techniques increases retrieval performance. In addition, the authors present recent work on adapting the network structure based on relevance feedback by the user to further improve retrieval effectiveness. The evaluation of new retrieval paradigms - such as retrieval based on technology for the Semantic Web - presents an additional challenge since no off-the-shelf test corpora exist. Hence, this chapter gives a detailed description of the approach taken to evaluate the information retrieval service the authors have built.

Ley Tobias, Kump Barbara, Ulbrich Armin, Scheir Peter, Lindstaedt Stefanie

A Competence-based Approach for Formalizing Learning Goals in Work-integrated Learning

Proceedings of the ED-Media 2008, Vienna, Austria, June 30-July 4, 2008,, Chesapeake, VA: AACE, 2008

The paper suggests a way to support work-integrated learning for knowledge workwhich poses a great challenge for current research and practice. We first present a WorkplaceLearning Context Model which has been derived by analyzing knowledge work and the knowledgesources used by knowledge workers. The model specifies an integrative view on knowledgeworkers’ work environment by connecting learning, work and knowledge spaces. We then focuson the part of the context which specifies learning goals and their interrelations to task and domainmodels. Our purpose is to support learning needs analysis which is based on a comparison of tasksperformed in the past to those tasks to be tackled in the future. A first implementation in theAPOSDLE project is presented including the models generated for five real world applications andthe software prototype. We close with an outlook on future work.

Lindstaedt Stefanie , Ley Tobias, Scheir Peter, Ulbrich Armin

Applying Scruffy Methods to Enable Work-integrated Learning

The European Journal of the Informatics Professional, 2008

This contribution introduces the concept of work-integrated learning which distinguishes itself from traditional e-Learning in that it provides learning support (i) during work task execution and tightly contextualized to the work context,(ii) within the work environment, and (iii) utilizes knowledge artefacts available within the organizational memory for learning. We argue that in order to achieve this highly flexible learning support we need to turn to" scruffy" methods (such as associative retrieval, genetic algorithms, Bayesian and other probabilistic methods) which can provide good results in the presence of uncertainty and the absence of fine-granular models. Hybrid approaches to user context determination, user profile management, and learning material identification are discussed and first results are reported.

Christl C., Ghidini C. , Guss J., Lindstaedt Stefanie , Pammer-Schindler Viktoria, Scheir Peter, Serafini L.

Deploying semantic web technologies for work integrated learning in industry. A comparison: SME vs. large sized company

Proceedings of the ISWC 2008, 7th International Semantic Web Conference, Karlsruhe, Germany, Oct 26-30, 2008 , Springer, 2008

Modern businesses operate in a rapidly changing environment.Continuous learning is an essential ingredient in order to stay competitivein such environments. The APOSDLE system utilizes semanticweb technologies to create a generic system for supporting knowledgeworkers in different domains to learnwork. Since APOSDLE relies onthree interconnected semantic models to achieve this goal, the questionon how to efficiently create high-quality semantic models has become oneof the major research challenges. On the basis of two concrete examplesnamelydeployment of such a learning system at EADS, a large corporation,and deployment at ISN, a network of SMEs-we report in detail theissues a company has to face, when it wants to deploy a modern learningenvironment relying on semantic web technology.

Ley Tobias, Ulbrich Armin, Lindstaedt Stefanie , Scheir Peter, Kump Barbara, Albert Dietrich

Modeling competencies for supporting work-integrated learning in knowledge work

Journal of knowledge management, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2008

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to suggest a way to support work-integrated learning forknowledge work, which poses a great challenge for current research and practice.Design/methodology/approach – The authors first suggest a workplace learning context model, whichhas been derived by analyzing knowledge work and the knowledge sources used by knowledgeworkers. The authors then focus on the part of the context that specifies competencies by applying thecompetence performance approach, a formal framework developed in cognitive psychology. From theformal framework, a methodology is then derived of how to model competence and performance in theworkplace. The methodology is tested in a case study for the learning domain of requirementsengineering.Findings – The Workplace Learning Context Model specifies an integrative view on knowledge workers’work environment by connecting learning, work and knowledge spaces. The competence performanceapproach suggests that human competencies be formalized with a strong connection to workplaceperformance (i.e. the tasks performed by the knowledge worker). As a result, competency diagnosisand competency gap analysis can be embedded into the normal working tasks and learninginterventions can be offered accordingly. The results of the case study indicate that experts weregenerally in moderate to high agreement when assigning competencies to tasks.Research limitations/implications – The model needs to be evaluated with regard to the learningoutcomes in order to test whether the learning interventions offered benefit the user. Also, the validityand efficiency of competency diagnosis need to be compared to other standard practices incompetency management.Practical implications – Use of competence performance structures within organizational settings hasthe potential to more closely relate the diagnosis of competency needs to actual work tasks, and toembed it into work processes.Originality/value – The paper connects the latest research in cognitive psychology and in thebehavioural sciences with a formal approach that makes it appropriate for integration intotechnology-enhanced learning environments.Keywords Competences, Learning, Workplace learning, Knowledge managementPaper type Research paper

Strohmaier M., Lux M., Granitzer Michael, Scheir Peter, Liaskos S., Yu E.

How Do Users Express Goals on the Web? - An Exploration of Intentional Structures in Web Search

We Know 07 International Workshop on Collaborative Knowledge Management for Web Information Systems, in conjunction with WISE 07, , Nancy, France, 2007


Scheir Peter, Granitzer Michael, Lindstaedt Stefanie

Evaluating an Information Retrieval System for the Semantic Desktop using Standard Measures from Information Retrieval

Lernen - Wissen - Adaption LWA 2007, 2007

Evaluation of information retrieval systems is a critical aspect of information retrieval research. New retrieval paradigms, as retrieval in the Semantic Web, present an additional challenge for system evaluation as no off-the-shelf test corpora for evaluation exist. This paper describes the approach taken to evaluate an information retrieval system built for the Semantic Desktop and demonstrates how standard measures from information retrieval research are employed for evaluation.

Ulbrich Armin, Lindstaedt Stefanie , Scheir Peter, Goertz M.

A Context-Model for Supporting Work-Integrated Learning

European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, Innovative Approaches for Learning and Knowledge Sharing , Springer, Berlin, 2006

This contribution introduces the so-called Workplace Learning Contextas essential conceptualisation supporting self-directed learning experiencesdirectly at the workplace. The Workplace Learning Context is to be analysedand exploited for retrieving ‘learning’ material that best-possibly matches witha knowledge worker’s current learning needs. In doing so, several different‘flavours’ of work-integrated learning can be realised including task learning,competency-gap based support and domain-related support. The WorkplaceLearning Context Model, which is also outlined in this contribution, forms thetechnical representation of the Workplace Learning Context.

Scheir Peter, Granitzer Michael, Lindstaedt Stefanie , Hofmair P.

The OntologyMapper plug-in: Supporting Semantic Annotation of Text-Documents by Classification

Semantic Systems From Vision to Applications - Proceedings of the SEMANTICS 2006, Vienna, Austria, November 28-30, 2006, Österreichische Computer Gesellschaft, Wien, 2006

In this contribution we present a tool for annotating documents, which are used for workintegratedlearning, with concepts from an ontology. To allow for annotating directly whilecreating or editing an ontology, the tool was realized as a plug-in for the ontology editor Protégé.Annotating documents with semantic metadata is a laborious task, most of the time knowledgerepresentations are created independently from the resources that should be annotated andadditionally in most work environments a high number of documents exist. To increase theefficiency of the person annotating, in our tool the process of assigning concepts to text-documentsis supported by automatic text-classification.

Lindstaedt Stefanie , Scheir Peter, Sarka W.

Generic Knowledge Management System (GKMS)

TELEMATIK 03/2002, Telematik Ingenieur Verband, Graz, Austria, 2002

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