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Pimas Oliver, Klampfl Stefan, Kohl Thomas, Kern Roman, Kröll Mark

Generating Tailored Classification Schemas for German Patents

21st International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2016, Springer-Verlag, Salford, UK, 2016

Patents and patent applications are important parts of acompany’s intellectual property. Thus, companies put a lot of effort indesigning and maintaining an internal structure for organizing their ownpatent portfolios, but also in keeping track of competitor’s patent port-folios. Yet, official classification schemas offered by patent offices (i) areoften too coarse and (ii) are not mappable, for instance, to a company’sfunctions, applications, or divisions. In this work, we present a first steptowards generating tailored classification. To automate the generationprocess, we apply key term extraction and topic modelling algorithmsto 2.131 publications of German patent applications. To infer categories,we apply topic modelling to the patent collection. We evaluate the map-ping of the topics found via the Latent Dirichlet Allocation method tothe classes present in the patent collection as assigned by the domainexpert.

Klampfl Stefan, Kern Roman

Reconstructing the Logical Structure of a Scientific Publication using Machine Learning

Semantic Web Challenges, Communications in Computer and Information Science, Springer Link, Springer-Verlag, 2016

Semantic enrichment of scientific publications has an increasing impact on scholarly communication. This document describes our contribution to Semantic Publishing Challenge 2016, which aims at investigating novel approaches for improving scholarly publishing through semantic technologies. We participated in Task 2 of this challenge, which requires the extraction of information from the content of a paper given as PDF. The extracted information allows answering queries about the paper’s internal organisation and the context in which it was written. We build upon our contribution to the previous edition of the challenge, where we categorised meta-data, such as authors and affiliations, and extracted funding information. Here we use unsupervised machine learning techniques in order to extend the analysis of the logical structure of the document as to identify section titles and captions of figures and tables. Furthermore, we employ clustering techniques to create the hierarchical table of contents of the article. Our system is modular in nature and allows a separate training of different stages on different training sets.

Kern Roman, Klampfl Stefan, Rexha Andi

Identifying Referenced Text in ScientificPublications by Summarisation andClassification Techniques

BIRNDL 2016 Joint Workshop on Bibliometric-enhanced Information Retrieval and NLP for Digital Libraries, G. Cabanac, Muthu Kumar Chandrasekaran, Ingo Frommholz , Kokil Jaidka, Min-Yen Kan, Philipp Mayr, Dietmar Wolfram, ACM, New Jersey, USA, 2016

This report describes our contribution to the 2nd ComputationalLinguistics Scientific Document Summarization Shared Task (CLSciSumm2016), which asked to identify the relevant text span in a referencepaper that corresponds to a citation in another document that citesthis paper. We developed three different approaches based on summarisationand classification techniques. First, we applied a modified versionof an unsupervised summarisation technique, TextSentenceRank, to thereference document, which incorporates the similarity of sentences tothe citation on a textual level. Second, we employed classification to selectfrom candidates previously extracted through the original TextSentenceRankalgorithm. Third, we used unsupervised summarisation of therelevant sub-part of the document that was previously selected in a supervisedmanner.

Rexha Andi, Klampfl Stefan, Kröll Mark, Kern Roman

Towards a more fine grained analysis of scientific authorship: Predicting the number of authors using stylometric features

BIR 2016 Workshop on Bibliometric-enhanced Information Retrieval, Atanassova, I.; Bertin, M.; Mayr, P., Springer, Padova, Italy, 2016

To bring bibliometrics and information retrieval closer together, we propose to add the concept of author attribution into the pre-processing of scientific publications. Presently, common bibliographic metrics often attribute the entire article to all the authors affecting author-specific retrieval processes. We envision a more finegrained analysis of scientific authorship by attributing particular segments to authors. To realize this vision, we propose a new feature representation of scientific publications that captures the distribution of tylometric features. In a classification setting, we then seek to predict the number of authors of a scientific article. We evaluate our approach on a data set of ~ 6100 PubMed articles and achieve best results by applying random forests, i.e., 0.76 precision and 0.76 recall averaged over all classes.
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