Publikationen

Hier finden Sie von Know-Center MitarbeiterInnen verfasste wissenschaftliche Publikationen

2017

Rexha Andi, Kröll Mark, Ziak Hermann, Kern Roman

Extending Scientific Literature Search by Including the Author’s Writing Style

Fifth Workshop on Bibliometric-enhanced Information Retrieval, Atanassova, I.; Bertin, M.; Mayr, P., Springer, Aberdeen, UK, 2017

Konferenz
Our work is motivated by the idea to extend the retrieval of related scientific literature to cases, where the relatedness also incorporates the writing style of individual scientific authors. Therefore we conducted a pilot study to answer the question whether humans can identity authorship once the topological clues have been removed. As first result, we found out that this task is challenging, even for humans. We also found some agreement between the annotators. To gain a better understanding how humans tackle such a problem, we conducted an exploratory data analysis. Here, we compared the decisions against a number of topological and stylometric features. The outcome of our work should help to improve automatic authorship identificationalgorithms and to shape potential follow-up studies.
2017

Toller Maximilian, Kern Roman

Robust Parameter-Free Season Length Detection in Time Series

MILETS 2017 @ International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, Halfiax, Nova Scotia Canada, 2017

Konferenz
The in-depth analysis of time series has gained a lot of re-search interest in recent years, with the identification of pe-riodic patterns being one important aspect. Many of themethods for identifying periodic patterns require time series’season length as input parameter. There exist only a few al-gorithms for automatic season length approximation. Manyof these rely on simplifications such as data discretization.This paper presents an algorithm for season length detec-tion that is designed to be sufficiently reliable to be used inpractical applications. The algorithm estimates a time series’season length by interpolating, filtering and detrending thedata. This is followed by analyzing the distances betweenzeros in the directly corresponding autocorrelation function.Our algorithm was tested against a comparable algorithmand outperformed it by passing 122 out of 165 tests, whilethe existing algorithm passed 83 tests. The robustness of ourmethod can be jointly attributed to both the algorithmic ap-proach and also to design decisions taken at the implemen-tational level.
2017

Ziak Hermann, Kern Roman

Evaluation of Contextualization and Diversification Approaches in Aggregated Search

TIR @ DEXA International Conference on Database and Expert Systems Applications, 2017

Konferenz
The combination of different knowledge bases in thefield of information retrieval is called federated or aggregated search. It has several benefits over single source retrieval but poses some challenges as well. This work focuses on the challenge of result aggregation; especially in a setting where the final result list should include a certain degree of diversity and serendipity. Both concepts have been shown to have an impact on how user perceive an information retrieval system. In particular, we want to assess if common procedures for result list aggregation can be utilized to introduce diversity and serendipity. Furthermore, we study whether a blocking or interleaving for result aggregation yields better results. In a cross vertical aggregated search the so-called verticalscould be news, multimedia content or text. Block ranking is one approach to combine such heterogeneous result. It relies on the idea that these verticals are combined into a single result list as blocks of several adjacent items. An alternative approach for this is interleaving. Here the verticals are blended into one result list on an item by item basis, i.e. adjacent items in the result list may come from different verticals. To generate the diverse and serendipitous results we reliedon a query reformulation technique which we showed to be beneficial to generate diversified results in previous work. To conduct this evaluation we created a dedicated dataset. This dataset served as a basis for three different evaluation settings on a crowd sourcing platform, with over 300 participants. Our results show that query based diversification can be adapted to generate serendipitous results in a similar manner. Further, we discovered that both approaches, interleaving and block ranking, appear to be beneficial to introduce diversity and serendipity. Though it seems that queries either benefit from one approach or the other but not from both.
2017

Traub Matthias, Gursch Heimo, Lex Elisabeth, Kern Roman

Data Market Austria - Austria's First Digital Ecosystem for Data, Businesses, and Innovation

Exploring a changing view on organizing value creation: Developing New Business Models. Contributions to the 2nd International Conference on New Business Models, Institute of Systems Sciences, Innovation and Sustainability Research, Merangasse 18, 8010 Graz, Austria, Graz, 2017

Konferenz
New business opportunities in the digital economy are established when datasets describing a problem, data services solving the said problem, the required expertise and infrastructure come together. For most real-word problems finding the right data sources, services consulting expertise, and infrastructure is difficult, especially since the market players change often. The Data Market Austria (DMA) offers a platform to bring datasets, data services, consulting, and infrastructure offers to a common marketplace. The recommender systems included in DMA analyses all offerings, to derive suggestions for collaboration between them, like which dataset could be best processed by which data service. The suggestions should help the costumers on DMA to identify new collaborations reaching beyond traditional industry boundaries to get in touch with new clients or suppliers in the digital domain. Human brokers will work together with the recommender system to set up data value chains matching different offers to create a data value chain solving the problems in various domains. In its final expansion stage, DMA is intended to be a central hub for all actors participating in the Austrian data economy, regardless of their industrial and research domain to overcome traditional domain boundaries.
2017

Gursch Heimo, Cemernek David, Kern Roman

Multi-Loop Feedback Hierarchy Involving Human Workers in Manufacturing Processes

Mensch und Computer 2017 - Workshopband, Manuel Burghardt, Raphael Wimmer, Christian Wolff, Christa Womser-Hacker, Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V., Regensburg, 2017

Konferenz
In manufacturing environments today, automated machinery works alongside human workers. In many cases computers and humans oversee different aspects of the same manufacturing steps, sub-processes, and processes. This paper identifies and describes four feedback loops in manufacturing and organises them in terms of their time horizon and degree of automation versus human involvement. The data flow in the feedback loops is further characterised by features commonly associated with Big Data. Velocity, volume, variety, and veracity are used to establish, describe and compare differences in the data flows.
2017

Cemernek David, Gursch Heimo, Kern Roman

Big Data as a Promoter of Industry 4.0: Lessons of the Semiconductor Industry

IEEE 15th International Conference of Industrial Informatics - INDIN'2017, IEEE, Emden, Germany, 2017

Konferenz
The catchphrase “Industry 4.0” is widely regarded as a methodology for succeeding in modern manufacturing. This paper provides an overview of the history, technologies and concepts of Industry 4.0. One of the biggest challenges to implementing the Industry 4.0 paradigms in manufacturing are the heterogeneity of system landscapes and integrating data from various sources, such as different suppliers and different data formats. These issues have been addressed in the semiconductor industry since the early 1980s and some solutions have become well-established standards. Hence, the semiconductor industry can provide guidelines for a transition towards Industry 4.0 in other manufacturing domains. In this work, the methodologies of Industry 4.0, cyber-physical systems and Big data processes are discussed. Based on a thorough literature review and experiences from the semiconductor industry, we offer implementation recommendations for Industry 4.0 using the manufacturing process of an electronics manufacturer as an example.
2017

Schrunner Stefan, Bluder Olivia, Zernig Anja, Kaestner Andre, Kern Roman

Markov Random Fields for Pattern Extraction in Analog Wafer Test Data

International Conference on Image Processing Theory, Tools and Applications (IPTA 2017), IEEE, Montreal, Canada, 2017

Konferenz
In semiconductor industry it is of paramount im- portance to check whether a manufactured device fulfills all quality specifications and is therefore suitable for being sold to the customer. The occurrence of specific spatial patterns within the so-called wafer test data, i.e. analog electric measurements, might point out on production issues. However the shape of these critical patterns is unknown. In this paper different kinds of process patterns are extracted from wafer test data by an image processing approach using Markov Random Field models for image restoration. The goal is to develop an automated procedure to identify visible patterns in wafer test data to improve pattern matching. This step is a necessary precondition for a subsequent root-cause analysis of these patterns. The developed pattern ex- traction algorithm yields a more accurate discrimination between distinct patterns, resulting in an improved pattern comparison than in the original dataset. In a next step pattern classification will be applied to improve the production process control.
2017

Rexha Andi, Kern Roman, Ziak Hermann, Dragoni Mauro

A semantic federated search engine for domain-specific document retrieval

SAC '17 Proceedings of the Symposium on Applied Computing, Sung Y. Shin, Dongwan Shin, Maria Lencastre, ACM, Marrakech, Morocco, 2017

Konferenz
Retrieval of domain-specific documents became attractive for theSemantic Web community due to the possibility of integrating classicInformation Retrieval (IR) techniques with semantic knowledge.Unfortunately, the gap between the construction of a full semanticsearch engine and the possibility of exploiting a repository ofontologies covering all possible domains is far from being filled.Recent solutions focused on the aggregation of different domain-specificrepositories managed by third-parties. In this paper, wepresent a semantic federated search engine developed in the contextof the EEXCESS EU project. Through the developed platform,users are able to perform federated queries over repositories in atransparent way, i.e. without knowing how their original queries aretransformed before being actually submitted. The platform implementsa facility for plugging new repositories and for creating, withthe support of general purpose knowledge bases, knowledge graphsdescribing the content of each connected repository. Such knowledgegraphs are then exploited for enriching queries performed byusers.
2017

Kern Roman, Falk Stefan, Rexha Andi

Know-Center at SemEval-2017 Task 10: Sequence Classification with the CODE Annotator

Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluations (SemEval-2017), Isabelle Augenstein, Mrinal Das, Sebastian Riedel, Lakshmi Vikraman, Andrew McCallum, ACL, Vancouver, Canada, 2017

Konferenz
This paper describes our participation inSemEval-2017 Task 10, named ScienceIE(Machine Reading for Scientist). We competedin Subtask 1 and 2 which consist respectivelyin identifying all the key phrasesin scientific publications and label them withone of the three categories: Task, Process,and Material. These scientific publicationsare selected from Computer Science, MaterialSciences, and Physics domains. We followeda supervised approach for both subtasksby using a sequential classifier (CRF - ConditionalRandom Fields). For generating oursolution we used a web-based application implementedin the EU-funded research project,named CODE. Our system achieved an F1score of 0.39 for the Subtask 1 and 0.28 forthe Subtask 2.
2017

Seifert Christin, Bailer Werner, Orgel Thomas, Gantner Louis, Kern Roman, Ziak Hermann, Petit Albin, Schlötterer Jörg, Zwicklbauer Stefan, Granitzer Michael

Ubiquitous Access to Digital Cultural Heritage

Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH) - Special Issue on Digital Infrastructure for Cultural Heritage, Part 1, Roberto Scopign, ACM, New York, NY, US, 2017

Journal
The digitization initiatives in the past decades have led to a tremendous increase in digitized objects in the cultural heritagedomain. Although digitally available, these objects are often not easily accessible for interested users because of the distributedallocation of the content in different repositories and the variety in data structure and standards. When users search for culturalcontent, they first need to identify the specific repository and then need to know how to search within this platform (e.g., usageof specific vocabulary). The goal of the EEXCESS project is to design and implement an infrastructure that enables ubiquitousaccess to digital cultural heritage content. Cultural content should be made available in the channels that users habituallyvisit and be tailored to their current context without the need to manually search multiple portals or content repositories. Torealize this goal, open-source software components and services have been developed that can either be used as an integratedinfrastructure or as modular components suitable to be integrated in other products and services. The EEXCESS modules andcomponents comprise (i) Web-based context detection, (ii) information retrieval-based, federated content aggregation, (iii) meta-data definition and mapping, and (iv) a component responsible for privacy preservation. Various applications have been realizedbased on these components that bring cultural content to the user in content consumption and content creation scenarios. Forexample, content consumption is realized by a browser extension generating automatic search queries from the current pagecontext and the focus paragraph and presenting related results aggregated from different data providers. A Google Docs add-onallows retrieval of relevant content aggregated from multiple data providers while collaboratively writing a document. Theserelevant resources then can be included in the current document either as citation, an image, or a link (with preview) withouthaving to leave disrupt the current writing task for an explicit search in various content providers’ portals.
2017

Breitfuß Gert, Kaiser Rene, Kern Roman, Kowald Dominik, Lex Elisabeth, Pammer-Schindler Viktoria, Veas Eduardo Enrique

i-Know Workshops 2017

CEUR Workshop Proceedings for i-know 2017 conference, CEUR , CEUR, Graz, Austria, 2017

Buch
Proceedings of the Workshop Papers of i-Know 2017, co-located with International Conference on Knowledge Technologies and Data-Driven Business 2017 (i-Know 2017), Graz, Austria, October 11-12, 2017.
2017

Rexha Andi, Kröll Mark, Ziak Hermann, Kern Roman

Pilot study: Ranking of textual snippets based on the writing style

Zenodo, 2017

In this pilot study, we tried to capture humans' behavior when identifying authorship of text snippets. At first, we selected textual snippets from the introduction of scientific articles written by single authors. Later, we presented to the evaluators a source and four target snippets, and then, ask them to rank the target snippets from the most to the least similar from the writing style.The dataset is composed by 66 experiments manually checked for not having any clear hint during the ranking for the evaluators. For each experiment, we have evaluations from three different evaluators.We present each experiment in a single line (in the CSV file), where, at first we present the metadata of the Source-Article (Journal, Title, Authorship, Snippet), and the metadata for the 4 target snippets (Journal, Title, Authorship, Snippet, Written From the same Author, Published in the same Journal) and the ranking given by each evaluator. This task was performed in the open source platform, Crowd Flower. The headers of the CSV are self-explained. In the TXT file, you can find a human-readable version of the experiment. For more information about the extraction of the data, please consider reading our paper: "Extending Scientific Literature Search by Including the Author’s Writing Style" @BIR: http://www.gesis.org/en/services/events/events-archive/conferences/ecir-workshops/ecir-workshop-2017
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