Hier finden Sie von Know-Center MitarbeiterInnen verfasste wissenschaftliche Publikationen


Stanisavljevic Darko, Cemernek David, Gursch Heimo, Urak Günter, Lechner Gernot

Detection of Interferences in an Additive Manufacturing Process: An Experimental Study Integrating Methods of Feature Selection and Machine Learning

International Journal of Production Research, Taylor & Francis, 2019

Additive manufacturing becomes a more and more important technology for production, mainly driven by the ability to realise extremely complex structures using multiple materials but without assembly or excessive waste. Nevertheless, like any high-precision technology additive manufacturing responds to interferences during the manufacturing process. These interferences – like vibrations – might lead to deviations in product quality, becoming manifest for instance in a reduced lifetime of a product or application issues. This study targets the issue of detecting such interferences during a manufacturing process in an exemplary experimental setup. Collection of data using current sensor technology directly on a 3D-printer enables a quantitative detection of interferences. The evaluation provides insights into the effectiveness of the realised application-oriented setup, the effort required for equipping a manufacturing system with sensors, and the effort for acquisition and processing the data. These insights are of practical utility for organisations dealing with additive manufacturing: the chosen approach for detecting interferences shows promising results, reaching interference detection rates of up to 100% depending on the applied data processing configuration.

Monsberger Michael, Koppelhuber Daniela, Sabol Vedran, Gursch Heimo, Spataru Adrian, Prentner Oliver

An Innovative User Feedback System for Sustainable Buildings

Sustainable Built Environment D-A-CH Conference 2019 (SBE19), IOP Publishing Ltd, Bristol, UK, 2019

A lot of research is currently focused on studying user behavior indirectly by analyzing sensor data. However, only little attention has been given to the systematic acquisition of immediate user feedback to study user behavior in buildings. In this paper, we present a novel user feedback system which allows building users to provide feedback on the perceived sense of personal comfort in a room. To this end, a dedicated easy-to-use mobile app has been developed; it is complemented by a supporting infrastructure, including a web page for an at-a-glance overview. The obtained user feedback is compared with sensor data to assess whether building services (e.g., heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems) are operated in accordance with user requirements. This serves as a basis to develop algorithms capable of optimizing building operation by providing recommendations to facility management staff or by automatic adjustment of operating points of building services. In this paper, we present the basic concept of the novel feedback system for building users and first results from an initial test phase. The results show that building users utilize the developed app to provide both, positive and negative feedback on room conditions. They also show that it is possible to identify rooms with non-ideal operating conditions and that reasonable measures to improve building operation can be derived from the gathered information. The results highlight the potential of the proposed system.

Gursch Heimo, Cemernek David, Wuttei Andreas, Kern Roman

Cyber-Physical Systems as Enablers in Manufacturing Communication and Worker Support

Mensch und Computer 2019, Frank Steinicke und Katrin Wolf, Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V., Bonn, Germany, 2019

The increasing potential of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) drives higher degrees of digitisation in the manufacturing industry. Such catchphrases as “Industry 4.0” and “smart manufacturing” reflect this tendency. The implementation of these paradigms is not merely an end to itself, but a new way of collaboration across existing department and process boundaries. Converting the process input, internal and output data into digital twins offers the possibility to test and validate the parameter changes via simulations, whose results can be used to update guidelines for shop-floor workers. The result is a Cyber-Physical System (CPS) that brings together the physical shop-floor, the digital data created in the manufacturing process, the simulations, and the human workers. The CPS offers new ways of collaboration on a shared data basis: the workers can annotate manufacturing problems directly in the data, obtain updated process guidelines, and use knowledge from other experts to address issues. Although the CPS cannot replace manufacturing management since it is formalised through various approaches, e. g., Six-Sigma or Advanced Process Control (APC), it is a new tool for validating decisions in simulation before they are implemented, allowing to continuously improve the guidelines.

Kowald Dominik, Traub Matthias, Theiler Dieter, Gursch Heimo, Lacic Emanuel, Lindstaedt Stefanie , Kern Roman, Lex Elisabeth

Using the Open Meta Kaggle Dataset to Evaluate Tripartite Recommendations in Data Markets

REVEAL Workshop co-located with RecSys'2019, ACM, 2019


Thalmann Stefan, Gursch Heimo, Suschnigg Josef, Gashi Milot, Ennsbrunner Helmut, Fuchs Anna Katharina, Schreck Tobias, Mutlu Belgin, Mangler Jürgen, Huemer Christian, Lindstaedt Stefanie

Cognitive Decision Support for Industrial Product Life Cycles: A Position Paper

Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Advanced Cognitive Technologies and Applications (COGNITIVE 2019), Marta Franova, Charlotte Sennersten, Jayfus T. Doswell, IARIA, Venice, Italy, 2019

Current trends in manufacturing lead to more intelligent products, produced in global supply chains in shorter cycles, taking more and complex requirements into account. To manage this increasing complexity, cognitive decision support systems, building on data analytic approaches and focusing on the product life cycle, stages seem a promising approach. With two high-tech companies (world market leader in their domains) from Austria, we are approaching this challenge and jointly develop cognitive decision support systems for three real world industrial use cases. Within this position paper, we introduce our understanding of cognitive decision support and we introduce three industrial use cases, focusing on the requirements for cognitive decision support. Finally, we describe our preliminary solution approach for each use case and our next steps.

Gursch Heimo, Silva Nelson, Reiterer Bernhard , Paletta Lucas , Bernauer Patrick, Fuchs Martin, Veas Eduardo Enrique, Kern Roman

Flexible Scheduling for Human Robot Collaboration in Intralogistics Teams

Mensch und Computer 2018, Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V., Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V., Bonn, Germany, 2018

The project Flexible Intralogistics for Future Factories (FlexIFF) investigates human-robot collaboration in intralogistics teams in the manufacturing industry, which form a cyber-physical system consisting of human workers, mobile manipulators, manufacturing machinery, and manufacturing information systems. The workers use Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) devices to interact with the robots and machinery. The right information at the right time is key for making this collaboration successful. Hence, task scheduling for mobile manipulators and human workers must be closely linked with the enterprise’s information systems, offering all actors on the shop floor a common view of the current manufacturing status. FlexIFF will provide useful, well-tested, and sophisticated solutions for cyberphysicals systems in intralogistics, with humans and robots making the most of their strengths, working collaboratively and helping each other.

Cemernek David, Gursch Heimo, Kern Roman

Big Data as a Promoter of Industry 4.0: Lessons of the Semiconductor Industry

IEEE 15th International Conference of Industrial Informatics - INDIN'2017, IEEE, Emden, Germany, 2017

The catchphrase “Industry 4.0” is widely regarded as a methodology for succeeding in modern manufacturing. This paper provides an overview of the history, technologies and concepts of Industry 4.0. One of the biggest challenges to implementing the Industry 4.0 paradigms in manufacturing are the heterogeneity of system landscapes and integrating data from various sources, such as different suppliers and different data formats. These issues have been addressed in the semiconductor industry since the early 1980s and some solutions have become well-established standards. Hence, the semiconductor industry can provide guidelines for a transition towards Industry 4.0 in other manufacturing domains. In this work, the methodologies of Industry 4.0, cyber-physical systems and Big data processes are discussed. Based on a thorough literature review and experiences from the semiconductor industry, we offer implementation recommendations for Industry 4.0 using the manufacturing process of an electronics manufacturer as an example.

Gursch Heimo, Cemernek David, Kern Roman

Multi-Loop Feedback Hierarchy Involving Human Workers in Manufacturing Processes

Mensch und Computer 2017 - Workshopband, Manuel Burghardt, Raphael Wimmer, Christian Wolff, Christa Womser-Hacker, Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V., Regensburg, 2017

In manufacturing environments today, automated machinery works alongside human workers. In many cases computers and humans oversee different aspects of the same manufacturing steps, sub-processes, and processes. This paper identifies and describes four feedback loops in manufacturing and organises them in terms of their time horizon and degree of automation versus human involvement. The data flow in the feedback loops is further characterised by features commonly associated with Big Data. Velocity, volume, variety, and veracity are used to establish, describe and compare differences in the data flows.

Traub Matthias, Gursch Heimo, Lex Elisabeth, Kern Roman

Data Market Austria - Austria's First Digital Ecosystem for Data, Businesses, and Innovation

Exploring a changing view on organizing value creation: Developing New Business Models. Contributions to the 2nd International Conference on New Business Models, Institute of Systems Sciences, Innovation and Sustainability Research, Merangasse 18, 8010 Graz, Austria, Graz, 2017

New business opportunities in the digital economy are established when datasets describing a problem, data services solving the said problem, the required expertise and infrastructure come together. For most real-word problems finding the right data sources, services consulting expertise, and infrastructure is difficult, especially since the market players change often. The Data Market Austria (DMA) offers a platform to bring datasets, data services, consulting, and infrastructure offers to a common marketplace. The recommender systems included in DMA analyses all offerings, to derive suggestions for collaboration between them, like which dataset could be best processed by which data service. The suggestions should help the costumers on DMA to identify new collaborations reaching beyond traditional industry boundaries to get in touch with new clients or suppliers in the digital domain. Human brokers will work together with the recommender system to set up data value chains matching different offers to create a data value chain solving the problems in various domains. In its final expansion stage, DMA is intended to be a central hub for all actors participating in the Austrian data economy, regardless of their industrial and research domain to overcome traditional domain boundaries.

Gursch Heimo, Körner Stefan, Krasser Hannes, Kern Roman

Parameter Forecasting for Vehicle Paint Quality Optimisation

Mensch und Computer 2016 – Workshopband, Benjamin Weyers, Anke Dittmar, Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V., Aachen, 2016

Painting a modern car involves applying many coats during a highly complex and automated process. The individual coats not only serve a decoration purpose but are also curial for protection from damage due to environmental influences, such as rust. For an optimal paint job, many parameters have to be optimised simultaneously. A forecasting model was created, which predicts the paint flaw probability for a given set of process parameters, to help the production managers modify the process parameters to achieve an optimal result. The mathematical model was based on historical process and quality observations. Production managers who are not familiar with the mathematical concept of the model can use it via an intuitive Web-based Graphical User Interface (Web-GUI). The Web-GUI offers production managers the ability to test process parameters and forecast the expected quality. The model can be used for optimising the process parameters in terms of quality and costs.

Gursch Heimo, Kern Roman

Internet of Things meets Big Data: An Infrastructure to Collect, Connect, and Analyse Sensor Data

VDE Kongress 2016: Internet der Dinge (VDE Kongress 2016), DE Verlag GmbH, Berlin - Offenbach, Congress Center Rosengarten, Mannheim, Germany, 2016

Many different sensing, recording and transmitting platforms are offered on today’s market for Internet of Things (IoT) applications. But taking and transmitting measurements is just one part of a complete system. Also long time storage and processing of recorded sensor values are vital for IoT applications. Big Data technologies provide a rich variety of processing capabilities to analyse the recorded measurements. In this paper an architecture for recording, searching, and analysing sensor measurements is proposed. This architecture combines existing IoT and Big Data technologies to bridge the gap between recording, transmission, and persistency of raw sensor data on one side, and the analysis of data on Hadoop clusters on the other side. The proposed framework emphasises scalability and persistence of measurements as well as easy access to the data from a variety of different data analytics tools. To achieve this, a distributed architecture is designed offering three different views on the recorded sensor readouts. The proposed architecture is not targeted at one specific use-case, but is able to provide a platform for a large number of different services.

Gursch Heimo, Ziak Hermann, Kröll Mark, Kern Roman

Context-Driven Federated Recommendations for Knowledge Workers

Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Knowledge Management (ECKM), Dr. Sandra Moffett and Dr. Brendan Galbraith, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, 2016

Modern knowledge workers need to interact with a large number of different knowledge sources with restricted or public access. Knowledge workers are thus burdened with the need to familiarise and query each source separately. The EEXCESS (Enhancing Europe’s eXchange in Cultural Educational and Scientific reSources) project aims at developing a recommender system providing relevant and novel content to its users. Based on the user’s work context, the EEXCESS system can either automatically recommend useful content, or support users by providing a single user interface for a variety of knowledge sources. In the design process of the EEXCESS system, recommendation quality, scalability and security where the three most important criteria. This paper investigates the scalability aspect achieved by federated design of the EEXCESS recommender system. This means that, content in different sources is not replicated but its management is done in each source individually. Recommendations are generated based on the context describing the knowledge worker’s information need. Each source offers result candidates which are merged and re-ranked into a single result list. This merging is done in a vector representation space to achieve high recommendation quality. To ensure security, user credentials can be set individually by each user for each source. Hence, access to the sources can be granted and revoked for each user and source individually. The scalable architecture of the EEXCESS system handles up to 100 requests querying up to 10 sources in parallel without notable performance deterioration. The re-ranking and merging of results have a smaller influence on the system's responsiveness than the average source response rates. The EEXCESS recommender system offers a common entry point for knowledge workers to a variety of different sources with only marginally lower response times as the individual sources on their own. Hence, familiarisation with individual sources and their query language is not necessary.

Mutlu Belgin, Sabol Vedran, Gursch Heimo, Kern Roman

From Data to Visualisations and Back: Selecting Visualisations Based on Data and System Design Considerations

arXiv, 2016

Graphical interfaces and interactive visualisations are typical mediators between human users and data analytics systems. HCI researchers and developers have to be able to understand both human needs and back-end data analytics. Participants of our tutorial will learn how visualisation and interface design can be combined with data analytics to provide better visualisations. In the first of three parts, the participants will learn about visualisations and how to appropriately select them. In the second part, restrictions and opportunities associated with different data analytics systems will be discussed. In the final part, the participants will have the opportunity to develop visualisations and interface designs under given scenarios of data and system settings.

Gursch Heimo, Wuttei Andreas, Gangloff Theresa

Learning Systems for Manufacturing Management Support

Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Science, Application and Methods in Industry 4.0, Roman Kern, Gerald Reiner, Olivia Bluder, Graz, Austria, 2016

Highly optimised assembly lines are commonly used in various manufacturing domains, such as electronics, microchips, vehicles, electric appliances, etc. In the last decades manufacturers have installed software systems to control and optimise their shop foor processes. Machine Learning can enhance those systems by providing new insights derived from the previously captured data. This paper provides an overview of Machine Learning felds and an introduction to manufacturing management systems. These are followed by a discussion of research projects in the feld of applying Machine Learning solutions for condition monitoring, process control, scheduling, and predictive maintenance.

Horn Christopher, Gursch Heimo, Kern Roman, Cik Michael

QZTool – Automatically generated Origin-Destination Matrices from Cell Phone Trajectories

Advances in The Human Side of Service Engineering: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors and Sustainable Infrastructure, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, Jerzy Charytonowicz (series Editor), Neville A. Stanton and Steven Landry and Giuseppe Di Bucchianico and Andrea Vallicelli, Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, 2016

Models describing human travel patterns are indispensable to plan and operate road, rail and public transportation networks. For most kind of analyses in the field of transportation planning, there is a need for origin-destination (OD) matrices, which specify the travel demands between the origin and destination zones in the network. The preparation of OD matrices is traditionally a time consuming and cumbersome task. The presented system, QZTool, reduces the necessary effort as it is capable of generating OD matrices automatically. These matrices are produced starting from floating phone data (FPD) as raw input. This raw input is processed by a Hadoop-based big data system. A graphical user interface allows for an easy usage and hides the complexity from the operator. For evaluation, we compare a FDP-based OD matrix to an OD matrix created by a traffic demand model. Results show that both matrices agree to a high degree, indicating that FPD-based OD matrices can be used to create new, or to validate or amend existing OD matrices.

Gursch Heimo, Ziak Hermann, Kern Roman

Unified Information Access for Knowledge Workers via a Federated Recommender System

Mensch und Computer 2015 – Workshopband, Anette Weisbecker, Michael Burmester, Albrecht Schmidt, De Gruyter Oldenbourg, Berlin, 2015

The objective of the EEXCESS (Enhancing Europe’s eXchange in Cultural Educational and Scientific reSources) project is to develop a system that can automatically recommend helpful and novel content to knowledge workers. The EEXCESS system can be integrated into existing software user interfaces as plugins which will extract topics and suggest the relevant material automatically. This recommendation process simplifies the information gathering of knowledge workers. Recommendations can also be triggered manually via web frontends. EEXCESS hides the potentially large number of knowledge sources by semi or fully automatically providing content suggestions. Hence, users only have to be able to in use the EEXCESS system and not all sources individually. For each user, relevant sources can be set or auto-selected individually. EEXCESS offers open interfaces, making it easy to connect additional sources and user program plugins.
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