Publikationen

Hier finden Sie von Know-Center MitarbeiterInnen verfasste wissenschaftliche Publikationen

2013

Dennerlein Sebastian, Ley Tobias, Kump Barbara, Moskaliuk Johannes

Tracing knowledge co-evolution in a realistic course setting: A wiki-based field experiment

Computers & Education, Pergamon, 2013

The co-evolution model of collaborative knowledge building by Cress & Kimmerle (2008) assumes that cognitive and social processes interact when users build knowledge with shared digital artifacts. While these assumptions have been tested in various lab experiments, a test under natural field conditions in educational settings has not been conducted. Here, we present a field experiment where we triggered knowledge co-evolution in an accommodation and an assimilation condition, and measured effects on student knowledge building outside the laboratory in the context of two university courses. Therefore, 48 students received different kinds of prompts that triggered external accommodation and assimilation while writing a wiki text. Knowledge building was measured with a content analysis of the students‟ texts and comments (externalization), and with concept maps and association tests (internalization). The findings reveal that (a) different modes of externalization (accommodation and assimilation) could be triggered with prompts, (b) across both conditions, this externalization co-occurred with internalization (student learning), and (c) there is some evidence that external assimilation and accommodation had differential effects on internal assimilation and accommodation. Thus, the field experiment supports the assumptions of the co-evolution model in a realistic course setting. On a more general note, the study provides an example of how wikis can be used successfully for collaborative knowledge building within educational contexts.
2013

Ley Tobias, Cook John, Dennerlein Sebastian, Kravcik Milos, Kunzmann Christine, Laanpere Mart, Pata Kai, Purma Jukka, Sandars John, Santos Patricia, Schmidt Andreas

Scaling Informal Learning: An Integrative Systems View on Scaffolding at the Workplace

European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013

While several technological advances have been suggested to scale learning at the workplace, none has been successful to scale informal learning. We review three theoretical discourses and suggest an integrated systems model of scaffolding informal workplace learning that has been created to tackle this challenge. We derive research questions that emerge from this model and illustrate these with an in-depth analysis of two workplace learning domains.
2013

Kraker Peter, Dennerlein Sebastian

Towards a Model of Interdisciplinary Teamwork for Web Science: What can Social Theory Contribute?

Web Science 2013 Workshop: Harnessing the Power of Social Theory for Web Science, Paris, 2013

In this position paper, we argue that the different disciplines in Web Science do not work together in an interdisciplinary way. We attribute this to a fundamental difference in approaching research between social scientists and computer scientists, which we call the patterns vs. model problem. We reason that interdisciplinary teamwork is needed to overcome the patterns vs. model problem. We then discuss two theoretical strains in social science which we see as relevant in the context of interdisciplinary teamwork. Finally, we sketch a model of interdisciplinary teamwork in Web Science based on the interplay of collaboration and cooperation.
2013

Dennerlein Sebastian

Understanding and Supporting Intersubjective Meaning Making in Socio-Technical Systems: A Cognitive Psychology Perspective

Doctoral Consortium at the European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2013), 2013

This dissertation will elaborate on the understanding of intersubjective meaning making by analyzing the traces of collaborative knowledge construction users leave behind in socio-technical systems. Therefore, it will draw upon more theoretical and more formal models of cognitive psychology to describe and explain the underlying process in detail. This is done with the goal to support intersubjective meaning making and thus elevate informal collaborative knowledge construction in nowadays affordances of social media.
2013

Dennerlein Sebastian, Santos Patricia, Kämäräinen Pekka , Deitmer Ludger , Heinemann Lars , Campbell Melanie, Dertl Michael, Bachl Martin, Trattner Christoph, Bauters Merja

Sharing Turbine: Bridging Informal and Formal Learning for their Mutual Enrichment

, DOI, 2013

Being able to connect informal and formal learning experiences is thekey to successful apprenticeships. For instance the knowledge emerging out ofpractice should be used to extend and refine formal leaning experiences, andvice versa. Currently such scenarios are not supported appropriately withtechnology in many different domains. This paper focuses on the constructiondomain, which is one of the test-beds in the recently started large-scale EUproject ‘Learning Layers’. We suggest a model for bridging this gap betweenformal and informal learning by co-designing with construction sectorrepresentatives to identify how web services, apps and mobile devices can beorchestrated to connect informal and formal learning with the goal of enhancingcollaboration and supporting contextual learning at the workplace.
2013

Cook John, Santos Patricia, Ley Tobias, Dennerlein Sebastian, Pata Kai, Colley Joanna, Sandars John, Treasure-Jones Tasmin

D2. 1 Concept & Prototype Networked Scaffolding Layer

, 2013

2013

Dennerlein Sebastian, Gutounig Robert, Kraker Peter, Kaiser René, Rauter Romana , Ausserhofer Julian

Assessing Barcamps: Incentives for Participation in Ad-hoc Conferences and the Role of Social Media

Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Technologies, ACM, 2013

Barcamps are informal conferences whose content is not de-fined in advance, often referred to as ad-hoc conferences orun-conferences. Therefore, the outcomes of a barcamp arelargely unknown before the event. This raises the question ofthe participants’ motivations to attend and contribute. Toanswer this question, we conducted an exploratory empiricalstudy at Barcamp Graz 2012. We applied a mixed-methodapproach: first we used a socio-demographic questionnaire(n=99) which allowed us to characterize the ’typical barcamper’.Second, we conducted qualitative interviews (n=10) toget a deeper understanding of the participants’ motivationsto attend, expectations, and the use of social media in thatcontext. We identified three concepts, which could be deductedfrom the interviews: people, format and topics. Wefound that the motivation to attend and even a commonidentity is quite strongly based on these three factors. Furthermore,the results indicate that participants share a set ofactivities and methods by following the barcamp’s inherentrules and make extensive use of social media.
2013

Silva Nelson

The 6th Sense of an Air Traffic Controller Increasing Fault Tolerance of Human Machine Interfaces

SID 2013, 2013

Konferenz
2013

Ullrich Torsten, Silva Nelson, Eggeling Eva, Fellner Dieter W.

Generative Modeling and Numerical Optimization for Energy Efficient Buildings (1)

IECON 2013 , 2013

Buch
2013

Ullrich Torsten, Silva Nelson, Eggeling Eva, Fellner Dieter W.

Generative Modeling and Numerical Optimization for Energy Efficient Buildings (2)

Proceedings of 2013 / OCG Energy Informatics , 2013

Buch
2013

Kalkofen Denis, Veas Eduardo Enrique, Zollmann Stefanie, Steinberger Markus, Schmalstieg Dieter

Adaptive ghosted views for augmented reality

Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 2013 IEEE International Symposium on, IEEE, 2013

Konferenz
In Augmented Reality (AR), ghosted views allow a viewer to ex-plore hidden structure within the real-world environment. A bodyof previous work has explored which features are suitable to sup-port the structural interplay between occluding and occluded ele-ments. However, the dynamics of AR environments pose seriouschallenges to the presentation of ghosted views. While a modelof the real world may help determine distinctive structural features,changes in appearance or illumination detriment the composition ofoccluding and occluded structure. In this paper, we present an ap-proach that considers the information value of the scene before andafter generating the ghosted view. Hereby, a contrast adjustment ofpreserved occluding features is calculated, which adaptively variestheir visual saliency within the ghosted view visualization. This al-lows us to not only preserve important features, but to also supporttheir prominence after revealing occluded structure, thus achieving a positive effect on the perception of ghosted views.
2013

Tatzgern Markus, Grasset Raphael, Veas Eduardo Enrique, Kalkofen Denis, Schmalstieg Dieter

Exploring Distant Objects with Augmented Reality.

EGVE/EuroVR, 2013

Konferenz
Augmented reality (AR) enables users to retrieve additional information about the real world objects and locations.Exploring such location-based information in AR requires physical movement to different viewpoints, which maybe tiring and even infeasible when viewpoints are out of reach. In this paper, we present object-centric explorationtechniques for handheld AR that allow users to access information freely using a virtual copy metaphor to explorelarge real world objects. We evaluated our interfaces in controlled conditions and collected first experiences in areal world pilot study. Based on our findings, we put forward design recommendations that should be consideredby future generations of location-based AR browsers, 3D tourist guides, or in situated urban plannin
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