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Pammer-Schindler Viktoria, Kump Barbara, Lindstaedt Stefanie

Tag-based algorithms can predict human ratings of which objects a picture shows

Multimedia Tools and Applications, Springer US, 2012

Collaborative tagging platforms allow users to describe resources with freely chosen keywords, so called tags. The meaning of a tag as well as the precise relation between a tag and the tagged resource are left open for interpretation to the user. Although human users mostly have a fair chance at interpreting this relation, machines do not. In this paper we study the characteristics of the problem to identify descriptive tags, i.e. tags that relate to visible objects in a picture. We investigate the feasibility of using a tag-based algorithm, i.e. an algorithm that ignores actual picture content, to tackle the problem. Given the theoretical feasibility of a well-performing tag-based algorithm, which we show via an optimal algorithm, we describe the implementation and evaluation of a WordNet-based algorithm as proof-of-concept. These two investigations lead to the conclusion that even relatively simple and fast tag-based algorithms can yet predict human ratings of which objects a picture shows. Finally, we discuss the inherent difficulty both humans and machines have when deciding whether a tag is descriptive or not. Based on a qualitative analysis, we distinguish between definitional disagreement, difference in knowledge, disambiguation and difference in perception as reasons for disagreement between raters.

Kump Barbara, Seifer Christin, Beham Günter, Lindstaedt Stefanie , Ley Tobias

Seeing What the System Thinks You Know - Visualizing Evidence in an Open Learner Model

Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge, ACM, Canada, 2012

User knowledge levels in adaptive learning systems can be assessed based on user interactions that are interpreted as Knowledge Indicating Events (KIE). Such an approach makes complex inferences that may be hard to understand for users, and that are not necessarily accurate. We present MyExperiences, an open learner model designed for showing the users the inferences about them, as well as the underlying data. MyExperiences is one of the first open learner models based on tree maps. It constitutes an example of how research into open learner models and information visualization can be combined in an innovative way.

Drachsler Hendrik, Verbert Katrien, Manouselis Nikos, Vuorikari Riina, Wolpers Martin, Lindstaedt Stefanie

Preface [Special issue on dataTEL–Data Supported Research in Technology-Enhanced Learning]

Int. J. Technology Enhanced Learning, 2012

Technology Enhanced Learning is undergoing a significant shift in paradigm towards more data driven systems that will make educational systems more transparent and predictable. Data science and data-driven tools will change the evaluation of educational practice and didactical interventions for individual learners and educational institutions. We summarise these developments and new challenges in the preface of this Special Issue under the keyword dataTEL that stands for ‘Data-Supported Technology-Enhanced Learning’.

Seitlinger Christian, Schöfegger Karin, Lindstaedt Stefanie , Ley Tobias

Community-orientiertes Lernen

CSCL-Kompendium-Lehr-und Handbuch zum computerunterstützten kooperativen Lernen, Oldenburg, 2012

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