Schulze Gunnar, Horn Christopher, Kern Roman
Map-Matching Cell Phone Trajectories of Low Spatial and Temporal Accuracy
2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE, IEEE, 2015
This paper presents an approach for matching cell phone trajectories of low spatial and temporal accuracy to the underlying road network. In this setting, only the position of the base station involved in a signaling event and the timestamp are known, resulting in a possible error of several kilometers. No additional information, such as signal strength, is available. The proposed solution restricts the set of admissible routes to a corridor by estimating the area within which a user is allowed to travel. The size and shape of this corridor can be controlled by various parameters to suit different requirements. The computed area is then used to select road segments from an underlying road network, for instance OpenStreetMap. These segments are assembled into a search graph, which additionally takes the chronological order of observations into account. A modified Dijkstra algorithm is applied for finding admissible candidate routes, from which the best one is chosen. We performed a detailed evaluation of 2249 trajectories with an average sampling time of 260 seconds. Our results show that, in urban areas, on average more than 44% of each trajectory are matched correctly. In rural and mixed areas, this value increases to more than 55%. Moreover, an in-depth evaluation was carried out to determine the optimal values for the tunable parameters and their effects on the accuracy, matching ratio and execution time. The proposed matching algorithm facilitates the use of large volumes of cell phone data in Intelligent Transportation Systems, in which accurate trajectories are desirable.