Publikationen

Hier finden Sie von Know-Center MitarbeiterInnen verfasste wissenschaftliche Publikationen

2016

Cik Michael, Hebenstreit Cornelia, Horn Christopher, Schulze Gunnar, Traub Matthias, Schweighofer Erich, Hötzendorf Walter, Fellendorf Martin

Using cell phone and social media data to enhance safety at mega events

Transportation Research Board (TRB) 96th Annual Meeting, Washington DC, 2016

Konferenz
Guaranteeing safety during mega events has always played a role for organizers, their security guards and the action force. This work was realized to enhance safety at mega events and demonstrations without the necessity of fixed installations. Therefore a low cost monitoring system supporting the organization and safety personnel was developed using cell phone data and social media data in combination with safety concepts to monitor safety during the event in real time. To provide the achieved results in real time to the event and safety personnel an application for a Tablet-PC was established. Two representative events were applied as case studies to test and evaluate the results and to check response and executability of the app on site. Because data privacy is increasingly important, legal experts were closely involved and provided legal support.
2015

Schulze Gunnar, Horn Christopher, Kern Roman

Map-Matching Cell Phone Trajectories of Low Spatial and Temporal Accuracy

2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE, IEEE, 2015

Konferenz
This paper presents an approach for matching cell phone trajectories of low spatial and temporal accuracy to the underlying road network. In this setting, only the position of the base station involved in a signaling event and the timestamp are known, resulting in a possible error of several kilometers. No additional information, such as signal strength, is available. The proposed solution restricts the set of admissible routes to a corridor by estimating the area within which a user is allowed to travel. The size and shape of this corridor can be controlled by various parameters to suit different requirements. The computed area is then used to select road segments from an underlying road network, for instance OpenStreetMap. These segments are assembled into a search graph, which additionally takes the chronological order of observations into account. A modified Dijkstra algorithm is applied for finding admissible candidate routes, from which the best one is chosen. We performed a detailed evaluation of 2249 trajectories with an average sampling time of 260 seconds. Our results show that, in urban areas, on average more than 44% of each trajectory are matched correctly. In rural and mixed areas, this value increases to more than 55%. Moreover, an in-depth evaluation was carried out to determine the optimal values for the tunable parameters and their effects on the accuracy, matching ratio and execution time. The proposed matching algorithm facilitates the use of large volumes of cell phone data in Intelligent Transportation Systems, in which accurate trajectories are desirable.
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