Publikationen

Hier finden Sie von Know-Center MitarbeiterInnen verfasste wissenschaftliche Publikationen

2015

Lin Yi-ling, Trattner Christoph, Brusilovsky Peter , He Daqing

The impact of image descriptions on user tagging behavior: A study of the nature and functionality of crowdsourced tags

JASIST, Wiley, 2015

Journal
Crowdsourcing has been emerging to harvest social wisdom from thousands of volunteers to perform series of tasks online. However, little research has been devoted to exploring the impact of various factors such as the content of a resource or crowdsourcing interface design to user tagging behavior. While images’ titles and descriptions are frequently available in image digital libraries, it is not clear whether they should be displayed to crowdworkers engaged in tagging. This paper focuses on offering an insight to the curators of digital image libraries who face this dilemma by examining (i) how descriptions influence the user in his/her tagging behavior and (ii) how this relates to the (a) nature of the tags, (b) the emergent folksonomy, and (c) the findability of the images in the tagging system. We compared two different methods for collecting image tags from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk’s crowdworkers – with and without image descriptions. Several properties of generated tags were examined from different perspectives: diversity, specificity, reusability, quality, similarity, descriptiveness, etc. In addition, the study was carried out to examine the impact of image description on supporting users’ information seeking with a tag cloud interface. The results showed that the properties of tags are affected by the crowdsourcing approach. Tags from the “with description” condition are more diverse and more specific than tags from the “without description” condition, while the latter has a higher tag reuse rate. A user study also revealed that different tag sets provided different support for search. Tags produced “with description” shortened the path to the target results, while tags produced without description increased user success in the search task
2015

Parra D., Gomez M., Hutardo D., Wen X., Lin Y., Trattner Christoph

Twitter in academic events: {A} study of temporal usage, communication, and topical patterns in 16 Computer Science conferences

Computer Communications, Elsevier, 2015

Journal
Twitter is often referred to as a backchannel for conferences. While the main conference takes place in a physicalsetting, on-site and off-site attendees socialize, introduce new ideas or broadcast information by microblogging on Twitter.In this paper we analyze scholars’ Twitter usage in 16 Computer Science conferences over a timespan of five years. Ourprimary finding is that over the years there are differences with respect to the uses of Twitter, with an increase ofinformational activity (retweets and URLs), and a decrease of conversational usage (replies and mentions), which alsoimpacts the network structure – meaning the amount of connected components – of the informational and conversationalnetworks. We also applied topic modeling over the tweets’ content and found that when clustering conferences accordingto their topics the resulting dendrogram clearly reveals the similarities and differences of the actual research interests ofthose events. Furthermore, we also analyzed the sentiment of tweets and found persistent differences among conferences.It also shows that some communities consistently express messages with higher levels of emotions while others do it in amore neutral manner. Finally, we investigated some features that can help predict future user participation in the onlineTwitter conference activity. By casting the problem as a classification task, we created a model that identifies factors thatcontribute to the continuing user participation. Our results have implications for research communities to implementstrategies for continuous and active participation among members. Moreover, our work reveals the potential for the useof information shared on Twitter in order to facilitate communication and cooperation among research communities, byproviding visibility to new resources or researchers from relevant but often little known research communities.
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