Publikationen

Hier finden Sie von Know-Center MitarbeiterInnen verfasste wissenschaftliche Publikationen

2018

Santos Tiago, Walk Simon, Kern Roman, Strohmaier M., Helic Denis

Activity in Questions & Answers Websites

ACM Transactions on Social Computing, 2018

Journal
Millions of users on the Internet discuss a variety of topics on Question and Answer (Q&A) instances. However, not all instances and topics receive the same amount of attention, as some thrive and achieve self-sustaining levels of activity while others fail to attract users and either never grow beyond being a small niche community or become inactive. Hence, it is imperative to not only better understand but also to distill deciding factors and rules that define and govern sustainable Q&A instances. We aim to empower community managers with quantitative methods for them to better understand, control and foster their communities, and thus contribute to making the Web a more efficient place to exchange information. To that end, we extract, model and cluster user activity-based time series from 50 randomly selected Q&A instances from the StackExchange network to characterize user behavior. We find four distinct types of user activity temporal patterns, which vary primarily according to the users' activity frequency. Finally, by breaking down total activity in our 50 Q&A instances by the previously identified user activity profiles, we classify those 50 Q&A instances into three different activity profiles. Our categorization of Q&A instances aligns with the stage of development and maturity of the underlying communities, which can potentially help operators of such instances not only to quantitatively assess status and progress, but also allow them to optimize community building efforts
2018

Hasani-Mavriqi Ilire, Kowald Dominik, Helic Denis, Lex Elisabeth

Consensus Dynamics in Online Collaboration Systems

Journal of Computational Social Networks , Ding-Zhu Du and My T. Thai, Springer Open, 2018

Journal
In this paper, we study the process of opinion dynamics and consensus building inonline collaboration systems, in which users interact with each other followingtheir common interests and their social pro les. Speci cally, we are interested inhow users similarity and their social status in the community, as well as theinterplay of those two factors inuence the process of consensus dynamics. Forour study, we simulate the di usion of opinions in collaboration systems using thewell-known Naming Game model, which we extend by incorporating aninteraction mechanism based on user similarity and user social status. Weconduct our experiments on collaborative datasets extracted from the Web. Our ndings reveal that when users are guided by their similarity to other users, theprocess of consensus building in online collaboration systems is delayed. Asuitable increase of inuence of user social status on their actions can in turnfacilitate this process. In summary, our results suggest that achieving an optimalconsensus building process in collaboration systems requires an appropriatebalance between those two factors.
2018

Santos Tiago, Walk Simon, Kern Roman, Helic Denis

Evolution of Collaborative Web Communities

ACM Hypertext 2018, 2018

Konferenz
Each day, millions of users visit collaborative Web communities, such as Wikipedia or StackExchange, either as large knowledge repositories or as up-to-date news sources.However, not all of Web communities are as successful as Wikipedia and, except for a few initial research results, our research community still knows only a little about what separates a successful from an unsuccessful community.Thus, we still need to (i) gain a better understanding of the underlying community evolution dynamics, and (ii) based on this understanding support activity and growth on such platforms.To that end, we distill temporal dynamics of community activity and thereby identify key factors leading to success or failure of communities.In particular, we study the differences between growing and declining communities by leveraging multivariate Hawkes processes. Furthermore, we compare communities hosted on different platforms such as StackExchange and Reddit, as well as topically diverse communities such as STEM and humanities.We find that all growing communities exhibit (i) an active core of power users reacting to the community as a whole, and (ii) numerous casual users strongly interacting with other casual users suggesting community openness towards less active users.Moreover, our results suggest that communities in the humanities are centered around power users, whereas in STEM communities activity is more evenly distributed among power and casual users.These results are of practical importance for community managers to quantitatively assess the status of their communities and guide them towards thriving community structures
2017

Santos Tiago, Walk Simon, Helic Denis

Nonlinear Characterization of Activity Dynamics in Online Collaboration Websites

WWW '17 Companion Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on World Wide Web Companion, International World Wide Web Conferences Steering Committee, Perth, Australia, 2017

Konferenz
Modeling activity in online collaboration websites, such asStackExchange Question and Answering portals, is becom-ing increasingly important, as the success of these websitescritically depends on the content contributed by its users. Inthis paper, we represent user activity as time series and per-form an initial analysis of these time series to obtain a bet-ter understanding of the underlying mechanisms that governtheir creation. In particular, we are interested in identifyinglatent nonlinear behavior in online user activity as opposedto a simpler linear operating mode. To that end, we applya set of statistical tests for nonlinearity as a means to char-acterize activity time series derived from 16 different onlinecollaboration websites. We validate our approach by com-paring activity forecast performance from linear and nonlin-ear models, and study the underlying dynamical systems wederive with nonlinear time series analysis. Our results showthat nonlinear characterizations of activity time series helpto (i) improve our understanding of activity dynamics in on-line collaboration websites, and (ii) increase the accuracy offorecasting experiments.
2016

Stanisavljevic Darko, Hasani-Mavriqi Ilire, Lex Elisabeth, Strohmaier M., Helic Denis

Semantic Stability in Wikipedia

Complex Networks and their Applications, Cherifi, H., Gaito, S., Quattrociocchi, W., Sala, A., Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, Switzerland, 2016

Konferenz
In this paper we assess the semantic stability of Wikipedia by investigat-ing the dynamics of Wikipedia articles’ revisions over time. In a semantically stablesystem, articles are infrequently edited, whereas in unstable systems, article contentchanges more frequently. In other words, in a stable system, the Wikipedia com-munity has reached consensus on the majority of articles. In our work, we measuresemantic stability using the Rank Biased Overlap method. To that end, we prepro-cess Wikipedia dumps to obtain a sequence of plain-text article revisions, whereaseach revision is represented as a TF-IDF vector. To measure the similarity betweenconsequent article revisions, we calculate Rank Biased Overlap on subsequent termvectors. We evaluate our approach on 10 Wikipedia language editions includingthe five largest language editions as well as five randomly selected small languageeditions. Our experimental results reveal that even in policy driven collaborationnetworks such as Wikipedia, semantic stability can be achieved. However, there aredifferences on the velocity of the semantic stability process between small and largeWikipedia editions. Small editions exhibit faster and higher semantic stability than large ones. In particular, in large Wikipedia editions, a higher number of successiverevisions is needed in order to reach a certain semantic stability level, whereas, insmall Wikipedia editions, the number of needed successive revisions is much lowerfor the same level of semantic stability.
2016

Hasani-Mavriqi Ilire, Geigl Florian, Pujari Suhbash Chandra, Lex Elisabeth, Helic Denis

The Influence of Social Status and Network Structure on Consensus Building in Collaboration Networks

Social Network Analysis and Mining, Reda Alhajj, Springer Vienna, 2016

Journal
In this paper, we study the process of opinion dynamics and consensus building in online collaboration systems, in which users interact with each other following their common interests and their social profiles. Specifically, we are interested in how users similarity and their social status in the community, as well as the interplay of those two factors influence the process of consensus dynamics. For our study, we simulate the diffusion of opinions in collaboration systems using the well-known Naming Game model, which we extend by incorporating an interaction mechanism based on user similarity and user social status. We conduct our experiments on collaborative datasets extracted from the Web. Our findings reveal that when users are guided by their similarity to other users, the process of consensus building in online collaboration systems is delayed. A suitable increase of influence of user social status on their actions can in turn facilitate this process. In summary, our results suggest that achieving an optimal consensus building process in collaboration systems requires an appropriate balance between those two factors.
2015

Hasani-Mavriqi Ilire, Geigl Florian, Pujari Subhash Chandra, Lex Elisabeth, Helic Denis

Influence of Status Social on Consensus Building in Collaboration Networks

In Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (ASONAM 2015), Jian Pei, Fabrizio Silvestri and Jie Tang, ACM/IEEE, Paris, France, 2015

Konferenz
In this paper, we analyze the influence of socialstatus on opinion dynamics and consensus building in collaborationnetworks. To that end, we simulate the diffusion of opinionsin empirical collaboration networks by taking into account boththe network structure and the individual differences of peoplereflected through their social status. For our simulations, weadapt a well-known Naming Game model and extend it withthe Probabilistic Meeting Rule to account for the social statusof individuals participating in a meeting. This mechanism issufficiently flexible and allows us to model various situations incollaboration networks, such as the emergence or disappearanceof social classes. In this work, we concentrate on studyingthree well-known forms of class society: egalitarian, ranked andstratified. In particular, we are interested in the way these societyforms facilitate opinion diffusion. Our experimental findingsreveal that (i) opinion dynamics in collaboration networks isindeed affected by the individuals’ social status and (ii) thiseffect is intricate and non-obvious. In particular, although thesocial status favors consensus building, relying on it too stronglycan slow down the opinion diffusion, indicating that there is aspecific setting for each collaboration network in which socialstatus optimally benefits the consensus building process.
2011

Shahzad Syed K, Granitzer Michael, Helic Denis

Ontological Model Driven GUI Development: User Interface Ontology Approach

6th International Conference on Computer Sciences and Convergence Information Technology (ICCIT), IEEE, 2011

Konferenz
Ontology and Semantic Framework has becomepervasive in computer science. It has huge impact at database,business logic and user interface for a range of computerapplications. This framework is also being introduced, presentedor plugged at user interfaces for various software and websites.However, establishment of structured and standardizedontological model based user interface development environmentis still a challenge. This paper talks about the necessity of such anenvironment based on User Interface Ontology (UIO). To explorethis phenomenon, this research focuses at the User Interfaceentities, their semantics, uses and relationships among them. Thefirst part focuses on the development of User Interface Ontology.In the second step, this ontology is mapped to the domainontology to construct a User Interface Model. Finally, theresulting model is quantified and instantiated for a user interfacedevelopment to support our framework. This UIO is anextendable framework that allows defining new sub-conceptswith their ontological relationships and constraints.
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